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Administrative Structure of Ebudin People

Ebudin, as one of the communities in Nigeria, is generally governed by the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and they particularly obey those laws, regulation and customs of the people of Edo State and Esan land in particular. Hence, customs governing issue of marriage, burial ceremony, inheritance, joining of age groups and all the likes in Ebudin, are the same with most other communities in Esan Land safe for some minor, but tolerable, differences.

Administratively, Ebudin community is divided into seven quarters regarded as villages as established by the founder, Pa. Oboh, following his old age and in order to ensure peaceful administration of the town after his death/exit. Pa. Oboh divided the town into quarters and allocated each to his three sons and named the quarters after their names. In addition to the three quarters he named after his three sons, he also created additional four quarters. The additional quarters are Ohoghe, Iguizi, Arua, Ididigba and the newest being Obhiagor, regarded to be part of Oghale quarters.

Accordingly, Ogbe his first son, was made the head of Odogbe quarters. Igun his second son was made the head of Idimu-Igun quarters, while Oghale, the third son, was made the head of Idimu-Oghale quarters. He also made sure that the oldest man in all the quarters was made the head of each of the other quarters and this has remained the pattern of selection of the administrative head of each of the quarters in Ebudin till date.

The administrative head Of Ebudin is known as the ODIONWELE, who is usually the most elderly man in Ebudin. To be crowned the Odionwele, there are usually other stages of titles and age group ceremonies to be done by the intending Odionwele, otherwise he cannot ascend the Odionwele throne. Whoever aspires to be an Odionwele must grow and progress from the youngest age group to the eldest. There are three broad age groups namely Egbonughele, Igene, and Edion, the youngest group being the Egbonughele, followed by the Igene, and then the Edion. Every youth in Ebudin is a member of the Egbonughele age group, by virtue of their age and being an indigene of Ebudin. However, to join the next higher grade, Igene, any youth whose father has celebrated the IRUEN title in Ebudin and therefore no longer belong to the Igene group if he has done the Iruen ceremony. It must be clarified here that it is automatic for those Igene group members to have done the Iruen ceremony to be able to move to the Edion group. There is one step which requires that no one person can be admitted to the Edion Council. Only at least two people can be admitted simultaneously to the Edion group after performing the Iruen ceremony.

The succession of Odionwele of Ebudin is confined to indigenes of Ebudin and is usually the oldest man and can come from any of the seven quarters/villages in Ebudin.

There is established in Ebudin, the Elders legislative Council, headed by the Odionwele and membership is restricted to the duly celebrated and confirmed elders of Ebudin. To be regarded as an elder in Ebudin, one must have performed the Iruen ceremony and must have been formally admitted to the elders council by the existing elders, after performing the Iruen ceremony. That one is aged does not confer automatic membership into the Elders' Council in Ebudin, unless and until one performs all necessary ceremonies required. Rules and regulations governing Ebudin town is formulated and administered by this Elder’s Council. It is the highest administrative authority in Ebudin. Decisions taken in this Elders council is binding on all indigenes of Ebudin and are usually obeyed by all.

The elders Council usually meet in a place called Oko-ughele, which is located at the town square. The Oko-ughele is the administrative headquarters (the seat of power) for Ebudin people. All the elders is Ebudin hold most of their meetings in the Oko-ughele, where matters of common interest affecting the entire town are discussed and addressed. All other indigenes of Ebudin are also qualified to attend this elders' meeting when convened. However all other attendees are not expected to make comments on the elders meeting except when directed to do so by the elders. Number of members in the Elders Council is usually as many as the number of Elders of Ebudin that have been admitted to the council after celebrating their Iruen.

FUNCTION OF ELDERS COUNCIL

This includes but not limited to the following:

    1. Settlement of disputes among the indigenes.
    2. Co-ordination of communal efforts towards the development of Ebudin
    3. Imposition of levies/fines for the development of the town
    4. Legislation and formulation of laws and order for the goods and well being of the indigenes and inhabitants of Ebudin town
    5. Crowning and acceptance of the Odionwele and other titles seekers

General administration of the town

Structurally, each of the quarters/village that make up Ebudin is inter-dependent on each other for daily subsistence. They help one another in the discharge of various tasks such as manual labours toward the building of their houses, maintenance of the roads, clearing of farm land and crop planting. Communal help are offered without restraint to location or boundaries. Each quarter also have their Village Head known as “Odin-idimu”. This Odin-Idimu also performs basically the same functions as the Odionwele except that his authority is restricted to that of his quarter/village and subordinate to that of the Odionwele. Decision taken at the quarter/village head level is deemed final in so far as there is no complaint from anybody on it. Where there is any complaint, such will now be referred to the Elder’s Council for resolution.

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People in this conversation

  • Guest (Raymond Omigie)

    I must commend the designer /originator of this website, Mr Paschal Isele, for finding time to collect and collate the information put in this website.The updating of the website is on going so I encourage all well meaning Ebudin sons and daughters to make constructive corrections or contributions to the web designer to further enrich the website. Thank you My Regards, paschal. Cdr Raymond Omigie (rid)[b][/b]

  • Guest (Sir Paschal Isele)

    In reply to: Guest (Raymond Omigie)

    Thanks so much for your very nice comment. We will continue to update the site with rewarding information that will better the lot of our Ebudin people. Do help tell others.

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